Notes for Roman Art and Archaeology by professor David Soren on Coursera / University of Arizona.
Duration: 6 weeks
- Introduction to ‘Roman Art and Archaeology’
- The Early Romans and Their Ancestors (ca. 1000 – 500 BCE)
- The Roman Republic’s Rise and Fall (509 – 31 BCE)
- Augustus and the Early Roman Empire (31 BCE – 1st century CE)
- Rome at its Zenith (2nd century CE)
- Crisis and Conclusion (3rd to 7th centuries CE)
Rome in Hollywood
About Isodoro Falchi in (German-speaking) Indiana Jones-style
Area archeologica di Vetulonia
Herodotus I, 94 This is their story: In the reign of Atys son of Manes there was great scarcity of food in all Lydia. (…) But the famine did not cease to trouble them, and instead afflicted them even more. At last their king divided the people into two groups, and made them draw lots, so that the one group should remain and the other leave the country (…) his son, whose name was Tyrrhenus, of those who departed. Then the one group, having drawn the lot, left the country and came down to Smyrna and built ships, in which they loaded all their goods that could be transported aboard ship, and sailed away to seek a livelihood and a country; until at last, after sojourning with one people after another, they came to the Ombrici,1 where they founded cities and have lived ever since. They no longer called themselves Lydians, but Tyrrhenians, after the name of the king’s son who had led them there.
Die Etrusker – Wegbereiter des antiken Rom
There are four clusters of caves found in Western Europe and three of them have been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The caves in the Pyrenees, in particular around Arièges, are not (yet) listed.
- Cave of Altamira and Paleolithic Cave Art of Northern Spain (1985) – represents the apogee of Paleolithic cave art that developed across Europe, from the Urals to the Iberian Peninsula, from 35,000 to 11,000 BC. Because of their deep galleries, isolated from external climatic influences, these caves are particularly well preserved.
- Prehistoric Sites and Decorated Caves of the Vézère Valley (1979) – The Vézère valley contains 147 prehistoric sites dating from the Palaeolithic and 25 decorated caves.
- Decorated Cave of Pont d’Arc, known as Grotte Chauvet-Pont d’Arc, Ardèche (2014) – Located in a limestone plateau of the Ardèche River in southern France, the property contains the earliest-known and best-preserved figurative drawings in the world, dating back as early as the Aurignacian period (30,000–32,000 BP), making it an exceptional testimony of prehistoric art.
Most of the 300-400 caves in West Europe known to contain Ice Age art are either closed or difficult to access.
Lascaux was discovered in 1940, opened to the public in ’47, air conditioning added in ’59 and closed again in ’63. The replica, Lascaux II was opened in ’83 in a nearby quarry with almost 90% of the paintings. Due impact of its 10 million visitors this also threatened the original site. In 2016, Lascaux IV opened and is expected to attract 400,000 visitors a year Lascaux III was a traveling exhibition.
Documentary / Film
Font-de-Gaume and Combarelles
20 Km south of Lascaux is another center of prehistoric art with the caves of Font-de-Gaume. Combarelles, Cap Blance
Grotte de Rouffignac
Documentary / Film
Caves with Paradores
Caves / Musea
Documentary / Film
Nearly 340 caves have now been discovered in France and Spain that contain art from prehistoric times.
Cave paintings in El Castillo cave were found to date back to at least 37,300 years old by researchers at Bristol University, making them the oldest known cave art in Europe.
The earliest known European figurative cave paintings are those of Chauvet Cave in France. These paintings date to earlier than 30,000 BCE
Other examples may date as late as the Early Bronze Age, but the well-known Magdalenian style seen at Lascaux in France (c. 15,000 BCE) and Altamira in Spain died out about 10,000 BCE, coinciding with the advent of the Neolithic period. Some caves probably continued to be painted over a period of several thousands of years
Jacques Offenbach (1819-1880) was a German-born French composer, cellist and impresario of the romantic period. He is remembered for his nearly 100 operettas of the 1850s–1870s and his uncompleted opera The Tales of Hoffmann. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacques_Offenbach
TEAM, CAST AND CHORUS
About the Story
Libretto by Jules Barbier, play based on three short stories by E.T.A. Hoffmann
La vita è bella
Tales of Hoffman (1951)
Notes for week 9, Masterpieces of World Literature by David Damrosch and Martin Puchner from HarvardX: HUM12x on edX.
Inventing Latin America: Jorge Luis Borges
Jorge Francisco Isidoro Luis Borges Acevedo – Buenos Aires, 24 de agosto de 1899 -Ginebra, 14 de junio de 1986 (87)
Notes for week 7, Masterpieces of World Literature by David Damrosch and Martin Puchner from HarvardX: HUM12x on edX.
Tout est pour le mieux dans le meilleur des mondes
et Pangloss disait quelquefois à Candide : Tous les événements sont enchaînés dans le meilleur des mondes possibles ; car enfin si vous n’aviez pas été chassé d’un beau château à grands coups de pied dans le derrière pour l’amour de mademoiselle Cunégonde, si vous n’aviez pas été mis à l’inquisition, si vous n’aviez pas couru l’Amérique à pied, si vous n’aviez pas donné un bon coup d’épée au baron, si vous n’aviez pas perdu tous vos moutons du bon pays d’Eldorado, vous ne mangeriez pas ici des cédrats confits et des pistaches.
Cela est bien dit, répondit Candide, mais il faut cultiver notre jardin.
Paul Klee drawings / Car le blanc seul n’est rien : Paul Klee, illustrateur de Voltaire
Notes for week 3, Masterpieces of World Literature by David Damrosch and Martin Puchner from HarvardX: HUM12x on edX.
Homer and the Archeology of the Classical Past: The Odyssey
- Characters in the Odyssey (Wikipedia)
- Ναυσικάα – She is the daughter of King Αλκίνοος and Queen Arete of Phaeacia. Her name, in Greek, means “burner of ships” (ναῦς: ship; κάω: to burn). The first person in literature to be described playing with a ball.
The story of Odysseus and Calypso has some close resemblances to the interactions between Gilgamesh and Siduri in the Epic of Gilgamesh in that “the lone female plies the inconsolable hero-wanderer with drink and sends him off to a place beyond the sea reserved for a special class of honoured people” and “to prepare for the voyage he has to cut down and trim timbers.“
You will find the scene of Odysseus’s wanderings when you find the cobbler who sewed up the bag of winds. (Strabo 1.2.15, quoted by Moses I. Finley, The World of Odysseus)