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Posts from the ‘MOOC’ Category

edX MOOC: Masterpieces of World Literature – X Soyinka

Notes for Masterpieces of World Literature (or Ancient Masterpieces of World Literature and Modern Masterpieces of World Literature) by David Damrosch and Martin Puchner from HarvardX: HUM12x on edX.

Duration: 13 weeks

Course Outline

  1. Goethe and the Birth of World Literature
  2. The Birth of Literature: The Epic of Gilgamesh
  3. Homer and the Archeology of the Classical Past: The Odyssey
  4. West-Eastern Conversations: The Thousand and One Nights
  5. The Floating World: The Tale of Genji
  6. The First National Epic: The Lusiads
  7. Enlightenment in the Colonies: Candide
  8. China and Its Neighbors: Lu Xun and Eileen Chang, selected stories (A Madman’s Diary and Sealed Off)
  9. Inventing Latin America: Jorge Luis Borges, Ficciones
  10. From Empire to Globe: Wole Soyinka, Death and the King’s Horseman
  11. East-West Encounters: Salman Rushdie, East, West; Jhumpa Lahiri, The Interpreter of Maladies
  12. Istanbul in – or as – the World: Orhan Pamuk, My Name Is Red
  13. World Literature Today

From Empire to Globe: Wole Soyinka

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Readings

References

Staging

 

UA MOOC: Roman Art and Archaeology

Notes for Roman Art and Archaeology by professor David Soren on Coursera / University of Arizona.

Duration: 6 weeks

  1. Introduction to ‘Roman Art and Archaeology’
  2. The Early Romans and Their Ancestors (ca. 1000 – 500 BCE)
  3. The Roman Republic’s Rise and Fall (509 – 31 BCE)
  4. Augustus and the Early Roman Empire (31 BCE – 1st century CE)
  5. Rome at its Zenith (2nd century CE)
  6. Crisis and Conclusion (3rd to 7th centuries CE)

 

Rome in Hollywood

Etruscans

About Isodoro Falchi in (German-speaking) Indiana Jones-style

Area archeologica di Vetulonia

Herodotus I, 94 This is their story: In the reign of Atys son of Manes there was great scarcity of food in all Lydia. (…) But the famine did not cease to trouble them, and instead afflicted them even more. At last their king divided the people into two groups, and made them draw lots, so that the one group should remain and the other leave the country (…)  his son, whose name was Tyrrhenus, of those who departed. Then the one group, having drawn the lot, left the country and came down to Smyrna and built ships, in which they loaded all their goods that could be transported aboard ship, and sailed away to seek a livelihood and a country; until at last, after sojourning with one people after another, they came to the Ombrici,1 where they founded cities and have lived ever since.  They no longer called themselves Lydians, but Tyrrhenians, after the name of the king’s son who had led them there. 

Die Etrusker – Wegbereiter des antiken Rom

Nero

Exploring Ice Age Art

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There are four clusters of caves found in Western Europe and three of them have been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The caves in the Pyrenees, in particular around Arièges, are not (yet) listed.

Wikipedia

Most of the 300-400 caves in West Europe known to contain Ice Age art are either closed or difficult to access.

Dordogne, France

Lascaux

Lascaux was discovered in 1940, opened to the public in ’47, air conditioning added in ’59 and closed again in ’63. The replica, Lascaux II was opened in ’83 in a nearby quarry with almost 90% of the paintings. Due impact of its 10 million visitors this also threatened the original site. In 2016, Lascaux IV opened and is expected to attract 400,000 visitors a year Lascaux III was a traveling exhibition.

Documentary / Film

Font-de-Gaume and Combarelles

20 Km south of Lascaux is another center of prehistoric art with the caves of Font-de-Gaume. Combarelles, Cap Blance

Grotte de Rouffignac

Midi-Pyrénées, France

Ardeche, France

Documentary / Film

Cantabria, Spain

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Caves with Paradores

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Caves / Musea

Paradores

Wikipedia

Travel Info

Documentary / Film

About

Nearly 340 caves have now been discovered in France and Spain that contain art from prehistoric times. 

Cave paintings in El Castillo cave were found to date back to at least 37,300 years old by researchers at Bristol University, making them the oldest known cave art in Europe. 

The earliest known European figurative cave paintings are those of Chauvet Cave in France. These paintings date to earlier than 30,000 BCE

Other examples may date as late as the Early Bronze Age, but the well-known Magdalenian style seen at Lascaux in France (c. 15,000 BCE) and Altamira in Spain died out about 10,000 BCE, coinciding with the advent of the Neolithic period. Some caves probably continued to be painted over a period of several thousands of years

Documentaries

Exhibitions

Books

timeline

Maps

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edX MOOC: Masterpieces of World Literature – II Gilgamesh

Notes for Masterpieces of World Literature (or Ancient Masterpieces of World Literature and Modern Masterpieces of World Literature) by David Damrosch and Martin Puchner from HarvardX: HUM12x on edX.

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The Birth of Literature: The Epic of Gilgamesh

Reading

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Documentaries / Lectures

References

 

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edX MOOC: Masterpieces of World Literature – IX Borges

Notes for Masterpieces of World Literature (or Ancient Masterpieces of World Literature and Modern Masterpieces of World Literature) by David Damrosch and Martin Puchner from HarvardX: HUM12x on edX.

Duration: 13 weeks

Course Outline

  1. Goethe and the Birth of World Literature
  2. The Birth of Literature: The Epic of Gilgamesh
  3. Homer and the Archeology of the Classical Past: The Odyssey
  4. West-Eastern Conversations: The Thousand and One Nights
  5. The Floating World: The Tale of Genji
  6. The First National Epic: The Lusiads
  7. Enlightenment in the Colonies: Candide
  8. China and Its Neighbors: Lu Xun and Eileen Chang, selected stories (A Madman’s Diary and Sealed Off)
  9. Inventing Latin America: Jorge Luis Borges, Ficciones
  10. From Empire to Globe: Wole Soyinka, Death and the King’s Horseman
  11. East-West Encounters: Salman Rushdie, East, West; Jhumpa Lahiri, The Interpreter of Maladies
  12. Istanbul in – or as – the World: Orhan Pamuk, My Name Is Red
  13. World Literature Today

Inventing Latin America: Jorge Luis Borges

Jorge Francisco Isidoro Luis Borges Acevedo – Buenos Aires, 24 de agosto de 1899 -Ginebra, 14 de junio de 1986 (87)

Readings

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Documentaries

References

edX MOOC: Masterpieces of World Literature – VII Candide

Notes for Masterpieces of World Literature (or Ancient Masterpieces of World Literature and Modern Masterpieces of World Literature) by David Damrosch and Martin Puchner from HarvardX: HUM12x on edX.

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Tout est pour le mieux dans le meilleur des mondes

et Pangloss disait quelquefois à Candide : Tous les événements sont enchaînés dans le meilleur des mondes possibles ; car enfin si vous n’aviez pas été chassé d’un beau château à grands coups de pied dans le derrière pour l’amour de mademoiselle Cunégonde, si vous n’aviez pas été mis à l’inquisition, si vous n’aviez pas couru l’Amérique à pied, si vous n’aviez pas donné un bon coup d’épée au baron, si vous n’aviez pas perdu tous vos moutons du bon pays d’Eldorado, vous ne mangeriez pas ici des cédrats confits et des pistaches.

Cela est bien dit, répondit Candide, mais il faut cultiver notre jardin.

Book

About

References

Movies

 

 

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Paul Klee drawings / Car le blanc seul n’est rien : Paul Klee, illustrateur de Voltaire

edX MOOC: Masterpieces of World Literature – III Homer and The Odyssey

Notes for Masterpieces of World Literature (or Ancient Masterpieces of World Literature and Modern Masterpieces of World Literature) by David Damrosch and Martin Puchner from HarvardX: HUM12x on edX.

Duration: 13 weeks

Course Outline

  1. Goethe and the Birth of World Literature
  2. The Birth of Literature: The Epic of Gilgamesh
  3. Homer and the Archeology of the Classical Past: The Odyssey
  4. West-Eastern Conversations: The Thousand and One Nights
  5. The Floating World: The Tale of Genji
  6. The First National Epic: The Lusiads
  7. Enlightenment in the Colonies: Candide
  8. China and Its Neighbors: Lu Xun and Eileen Chang, selected stories (A Madman’s Diary and Sealed Off)
  9. Inventing Latin America: Jorge Luis Borges, Ficciones
  10. From Empire to Globe: Wole Soyinka, Death and the King’s Horseman
  11. East-West Encounters: Salman Rushdie, East, West; Jhumpa Lahiri, The Interpreter of Maladies
  12. Istanbul in – or as – the World: Orhan Pamuk, My Name Is Red
  13. World Literature Today

 

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Homer and the Archeology of the Classical Past: The Odyssey

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Book

References

Docudramas

Movies

People

  • Characters in the Odyssey (Wikipedia)
  • Ὀδυσσεύς
  • Τηλέμαχος
  • Πηνελόπη
  • Ναυσικάα – She is the daughter of King Αλκίνοος and Queen Arete of Phaeacia. Her name, in Greek, means “burner of ships” (ναῦς: ship; κάω: to burn). The first person in literature to be described playing with a ball.
  • Καλυψώ
    The story of Odysseus and Calypso has some close resemblances to the interactions between Gilgamesh and Siduri in the Epic of Gilgamesh in that “the lone female plies the inconsolable hero-wanderer with drink and sends him off to a place beyond the sea reserved for a special class of honoured people” and “to prepare for the voyage he has to cut down and trim timbers.
  • Κίρκη
  • Πολύφημος
  • ΟΥΤΙΣ

Places

You will find the scene of Odysseus’s wanderings when you find the cobbler who sewed up the bag of winds. (Strabo 1.2.15, quoted by Moses I. Finley, The World of Odysseus)

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NU MOOC: Hadrian’s Wall – Life on the Roman Frontier

Notes for Hadrian’s Wall – Life on the Roman Frontier, from Newcastle University by professor Ian Haynes on FutureLearn. Originally published in 2014.

Duration: 6 weeks

  1. WEEK 1: WELCOME TO THE WALL
    • Wall essentials
    • Life before the Wall
    • The Stanegate
    • Clues to the plan: what were the builders thinking?
  2. WEEK 2: THE ROMAN ARMY IN BRITAIN
    • Invasion force
    • Garrisoning the Wall
    • The late Roman Army
  3. WEEK 3: FRONTIER COMMUNITIES: LIFE IN THE NORTHERN FRONTIER
    • Frontier landscapes
    • Populations
    • Identity on Roman frontiers
  4. WEEK 4: RITUAL, RELIGION AND THE ROMAN WALL
    • Naming and seeing the gods
    • Syncretism
    • Digging ritual
    • Honouring the gods
    • Christianity along the Wall
  5. WEEK 5: CONFLICT, CONSOLIDATION AND RENAISSANCE: LIFE ON THE WALL IN THE 3RD AND 4TH CENTURY
    • The Severan period
    • The 3rd-century crisis?
    • The 4th century
    • A 4th-century banquet
  6. WEEK 6: THE ENDING OF THE WALL
    • The end of the Wall
    • The antiquaries
    • The modern landscape

 

References

Documentaries

Movies

https://www.imdb.com/title/tt1020558/

https://www.imdb.com/title/tt1034389

 

 

UvA MOOC: Big History – From the Big Bang until Today

Notes for Big History – From the Big Bang until Today, from the University of Amsterdam on Coursera.

Duration: 4 weeks

  1. Introduction, Cosmic History
  2. The History of Earth and Life
  3. Human History
  4. Wrap up

Videos also available on ChronoZoom and BIG HISTORY web site.

More

 

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Time

Human history on cosmic scales: 13.8 billion years compressed into a single year:

  • Big bang on new years eve, first few months everything would be dark
  • In spring the first stars and galaxies emerge
  • On September 1st, our sun and solar system appear, including Earth
  • October, first bacteria (single-cellular) appear
  • Mid-December, complex (multi-cellular) organisms, like sponges, appear
  • By Christmas, the dinosaurs appear to be wiped out by December 30th.
  • December 30-31: evolution of the mammals
  • Last 6 minutes: modern human beings appear
  • Last 30 seconds: agriculture, written records
  • Last second: modern history (last 500 years)

 

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Space

http://scaleofuniverse.com

 

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Agricultural Societies – State Formation and Development (2500 BCE)

Yale MOOC: Roman Architecture

Notes for Roman Architecture by professor Diana Kleiner on Coursera/Yale University.

The 9-week Roman Architecture course was recorded in 2009 and you can enroll regularly (the course is also available on YouTube and iTunes). It is one of the early MOOCs – lecture recording without multi-media, gamification, etc., but viewed by “massive” numbers of students, no doubt.

  1. Week
    • Introduction to Roman Architecture
    • It Takes a City: The Founding of Rome and the Beginnings of Urbanism in Italy
    • Technology and Revolution in Roman Architecture
  2. Week
    • Civic Life interrupted: Nightmare and Destiny on August 24, A.D. 79
    • Lifestyles of the Rich and Famous: Houses and Villas at Pompeii
    • Habitats at Herculaneum and Early Roman Interior Decoration
  3. Week
    • Gilding the Lily: Painting Palaces and Villas in the First Century A.D.
    • Exploring Special Subjects on Pompeian Walls
  4. Week
    • From Brick to Marble: Augustus Assembles Rome
    • Accessing Afterlife: Tombs of Roman Aristocrats, Freedmen, and Slaves
    • Notorious Nero and His Amazing Architectural Legacy
  5. Week
    • The Creation of an Icon: The Colosseum and Contemporary Architecture in Rome
    • The Prince and the Palace: Human Made Divine on the Palatine Hill
  6. Week
    • The Mother of All Forums: Civic Architecture in Rome under Trajan
    • Rome and a Villa: Hadrian’s Pantheon and Tivoli Retreat
    • The Roman Way of Life and Death at Ostia, The Port of Rome
  7. Week
    • Bigger is Better: The Baths of Caracalla and Other Second-and Third-Century Buildings in Rome
    • Hometown Boy: Honoring an Emperor’s Roots in Roman North Africa
    • Baroque Extravaganzas: Rock Tombs, Fountains, and Sanctuaries in Jordan, Lebanon, and Libya
  8. Week
    • Roman Wine in Greek Bottles: The Rebirth of Athens
    • Making Mini Romes on the Western Frontier
  9. Week
    • Rome Redux: The Tetrarchic Renaissance
    • Rome of Constantine and a New Rome

There is a guidebook, Roman Architecture, a Visual Guide that accompanies the course, available for iBooks, Kindle, etc.

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Google Earth is used extensively in the course (Streetview was just released in 2008). At the time, there even was a 3D Ancient Rome overlay but unfortunately, it is no longer available. The new version (Rome Reborn VR) is still under construction, see http://romereborn.squarespace.com

Documentaries

The list of films, documentaries, and docudramas for TV about ancient Rome is impressive, if not overwhelming. Fortunately, the more recent ones also tend to become more realistic.

Building the Ancient City

Building the ancient city – Andrew Wallace-Hadrill (BBC, 2015). With the focus on architecture and city planning.

Ultimate Rome, Empire Without Limit

Ultimate Rome Empire Without Limit – Mary Beard (BBC, 2016). From the early days until the end of the empire, exploring the outer limits and how it affected the center.

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Meet the Romans

Meet the Romans – Mary Beard (BBC, 2012). About how the patricians and plebs lived in the empire.

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Caligula

Caligula by Mary Beard (BBC, 2013) – Xanten, Capri.

Eight Days that made Rome

Eight days that made Rome, docudrama presented by Bettany Hughes (Channel 5, 2017)

The Last Days of

The Last Days Of – docudrama by Toby Jones, published by Channel 5 in 2015 includes one episode about antiquity:

Rome: A History of the Eternal City

Rome: A History of the Eternal City, by Simon Sebag Montefiore (BBC, 2012)

Des Racines et des Ailes

Romulus and Remus

How it all got started…

Regal Period

  • Romulus (753-715)
  • Numa Pompilius (715-673)
  • Tullus Hostilius (673-642)
  • Ancus Marcus (642-616)
  • Tarquinius Priscus (616-578)
  • Servius Tullius (578-535)
  • Tarquinius Superbus (535-509)

Late Republic

  • Gaius Marius 157-86 (71)
  • L Cornelius Sulla 138-78 (60)
  • Pompey 106-48 (58)
  • Julius Caesar 100-44 (56)

Digging History

American Institute for Roman Culture – Digging History

  1. Digging History: Introduction
  2. The Sources
  3. The Geology of Rome
  4. The Ancient Metropolis
  5. The Layers of Rome
  6. Destroying Rome
  7. Building Blocks: The Architecture and Engineering of Rome
  8. Getting Started: The Founding of Rome in the Archaic Period (753-509 BC)
  9. The Roman Republic 509-200
  10. The Late Republic 200-44

2. The Founding of Rome and the Beginnings of Urbanism in Italy

2.1 Casa Romuli, Rome (after 753 B.C.)

2.2 Jupiter Optimus Maximus Capitolinus, Rome (509 B.C.)

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2.3 Murus Servii Tullii, Rome (378 B.C.)

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2.4 City Walls, Norba

2.5 City plan, Ostia (350 B.C.)

Rome grew haphazardly, whereas towns like Ostia, the port of Rome, were laid out all at once. Designed as castrum (military camp) with a north-south cardo and east-west decumanus with a forum where they met.

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2.6 Templum Portuni, Rome (75 B.C.)

Forum Boarium

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2.7 Temple of Hercules, Cori (75 B.C.)

underscores that melding Etruscan, Greek, and Roman elements was a first-century obsession.

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2.8 Templum Vestae, Tivoli (Italy), ca. 80 B.C.

The Temple of Sibyl at Tivoli by John `Warwick' Smith 1749-1831

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3. Technology and Revolution in Roman Architecture

3.1 Porticus Aemilia, Rome, 193 B.C.; restored 174 B.C.

Vast concrete warehouse: opus incertum and barrel vaults.

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3.2 Mercato Romano Coperto, Ferentino, ca. 100 B.C.

One of the utilitarian concrete structures built in Rome’s new Italian colonies. Opus incertum was used to face the main barrel vault; rectangular and voussoir ashlar blocks (opus quadratum) emphasized the location and shape of the arches and supported the vaulting. The experiment at Ferentino presaged Rome’s most famous and sophisticated market hall, designed by Apollodorus of Damascus for Trajan’s Markets in Rome

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3.3 / 3.4 Santuario di Giove Anxur, Terracina, ca. 100– 70 B.C.

The Jupiter Anxur temple was traditional— an Etruscan plan with a Greek elevation— but its vast podium was pioneering. Made of concrete, faced with opus incertum, it features great barrel-vaulted arches resting on piers and stabilized at points of greatest stress by rectangular blocks of stone.

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3.5 Santuario di Ercole Vincitore, Tivoli, ca. 75– 50 B.C.

The Sanctuary of Hercules advances Roman sanctuary architecture by adding a theater and shops. The scheme of the temple on the podium is similar, but the temple is flush with the colonnade and is preceded by a curved staircase used as a theater for religious or other performances.

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3.6 Tabularium, Rome, ca. 78 B.C.

This corridor was lighted through a series of arches divided by semidetached columns of the Doric order, the earliest example of this class of decoration, which in the Theatre of Marcellus, the Colosseum, and all the great amphitheatres throughout the Roman empire constituted the decorative treatment of the wall surface and gave scale to the structure.

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3.7 Theatrum Marcelli, Rome, dedicated 13 or 11 B.C.

Augustus erected the Theater of Marcellus in honor of his nephew and son-in-law. The structure has been preserved thanks to its reinvention as a medieval fortress, Renaissance palace, and modern condominium. It

Since the concrete vaults support the building, the columns have no structural purpose and are the icing on the cake.

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3.8 Sanctuary of Fortuna Primigenia, Palestrina

a masterpiece of early Roman concrete construction.

4. Civic Life Interrupted Nightmare and Destiny on August 24, A.D. 79

Pompeii and Herculaneum Documentaries

 

Smarthistory

Virtual Walking Tour

Film

4.1 Forum, Pompeii, plan, second half of the second century B.C.

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4.2 Capitolium, Pompeii, ca. 150 B.C., tripartite cella added ca. 80 B.C.

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4.3 Basilica, Pompeii, ca. 120 B.C.

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4.4 Amphitheater, Pompeii, ca. 80– 70 B.C.

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4.5 Theater, Pompeii, ca. 80– 70 B.C., remodeled at end of first century B.C.

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Forma Urbis Romae

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C·IVLIVS·C·F·CAESAR e DIVVS IVLIVS

https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gaio_Giulio_Cesare

Le Destin de Rome, Venger Cesar / Das Schicksal Roms – Cäsar rächen –

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